Human Trafficking Sentinel Surveillance
Viet Nam–China Border 2010 - Lang Son | Lao Cai | Quang Ninh
China is a key destination country for victims of human trafficking from Viet Nam. UNIAP’s Viet Nam – China Sentinel Surveillance assesses the situation of Vietnamese deportees being returned from China and, using this information, maps trafficking trends and patterns; establishes types and profiles of cross-border trafficking victims; and documents how brokers and traffickers operate to put Vietnamese in exploitative situations. Through the latter half of 2010, UNIAP researchers were deployed to Lang Son, Lao Cai, and Quang Ninh international border checkpoints to conduct site surveys and structured, in depth interviews with a non-representative sample of 93 male and female Vietnamese citizens deported from China.
The research uncovered undocumented labour migration that sometimes involved human trafficking, and sometimes did not. Of the trafficking cases discovered, there were cases of sex trafficking, marriage trafficking, and labour trafficking – all with different patterns, as described in the report.
The report proposes six key recommendations, based on seven key findings. These recommendations include capacity building in trafficking victim identification for frontline responders, refining trafficking prevention and safe migration messaging to include documented tricks of traffickers, strengthening victim protection and services in Vietnam, and strengthening labour recruitment policy and cross-border collaboration on human trafficking.
Exposing trafficking in supply chains through investigative journalism | June 2012
Case study: CNN freedom project investigates electronics supply chains in Asia
Complex patterns of debt-bonded migrant labour employed via recruitment agencies/brokers and sub-contracted from electronics manufacturing factories are highlighted in this case of one manufacturer in a multinational supply chain.
This report details the methodology of an emerging good practice model of investigative journalism in anti-trafficking by the CNN Freedom Project, which examined the trafficking of Cambodian women into factories within a multinational supply chain manufacturing computer components in Malaysia which were then sold on to be installed in computers sold globally.
The State of Counter-Trafficking Research| June 2011
Researcher, Programmer, and Donor Perspectives
The report is the resul of a joint initiative by IOM, the NEXUS Institute and UNIAP- It brings together the key issues and outcomes of a three-day interactive consultation among anti-trafficking researchers from around the world to take stock of the state of counter-trafficking research. The event developed from the increased focus within the anti-trafficking research community on the need for improved and empirically based anti-trafficking strategies and programmes. It provided a platform for sharing, scrutinizing, and discussing methods and findings of key anti-human trafficking research by bringing together a group of experienced researchers, practitioners, and donors working on anti-trafficking within the Asia region and beyond.
2009-2010 UNIAP Sentinel Surveillance Poipet
The aim of UNIAP's sentinel surveillance is to assess the situation of Cambodian deportees being returned from Thailand and, using this information, map trafficking trends and patterns; establish estimates of numbers and types of cross-border trafficking victims, particularly those who are not identified as victims and put into the
pool of deportees; and document how brokers and traffickers operate to put migrants
in exploitative situations. Over a period of four months, UNIAP researchers were
deployed to the Poipet international checkpoint on the Thailand-Cambodia border, to
conduct site surveys and structured, in-depth interviews with a random sample of 400 male and female Cambodian labour migrants deported from Thailand.
2010 SIREN Mekong Region Country Datasheets on Human Trafficking
Recent Developments in the Greater Mekong Sub-region
This regional snapshot of human trafficking presents the trafficking situation and the counter- trafficking responses in each of the countries of the region. Data has been collated on the official number of people trafficked and the number of perpetrators prosecuted; geographic patterns of domestic and cross-border trafficking; information about trafficking trends; and information on anti-trafficking laws and penalties. General demographic and migration information is also presented to provide a wider context to the situation.
The Criminal Justice Response to Human Trafficking | June 2010
Recent Developments in the Greater Mekong Sub-region
This article highlights developments in the criminal justice response to human trafficking in the Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS) over the last three years. Developments in the strengthening of the legal framework, criminal justice institutions and in support provided to victims are highlighted while acknowledging that progress has been uneven across the region.
Re-thinking Reintigration | August 2009
What Do Returning Victims Really Want and Need? Evidence From Thailand and the Philippines
Filipina and Thai self-returned and assisted victims of trafficking provide insight on their real needs, challenges, and desires, and how the reintegration assistance they received helped or hindered their recovery.
Cambodia: Exodus to the Sex Trade? | July 2009
Effects of the Global Financial Crisis on Womens' Working Conditions and Opportunities
The financial crisis in Cambodia has led to signs of an increase in women entering the sex trade, driven primarily by declining working conditions. Debt bondage to sex establishment owners appears to have increased, with debts primarily paying for remittances to rural families. However, exploitative brokering and deception do not appear to be on the rise.
Exploitation of Cambodian Men at Sea | April 2009
Facts About the Trafficking of Cambodian Men Onto Thai Fishing Boats
Fact sheet on the recruitment, trafficking, and exploitation of Cambodian men onto Thai fishing boats, based on 49 cases of victims who escaped in Thailand or Malaysia and were assisted in their return home.
Raids, Rescues, Resolution | November 2008
Pentameter 2: Attacking Exploitation in the UK
Operation Pentameter 2 was the largest police operation in the UK targeting human trafficking.
Raids, Rescues, and Resolution | September 2008
Removing Victims From Sex and Labor Exploitation
On 6-7 August 2008, UNIAP, ILO and the Australian Government initiative, the Asia Regional Trafficking in Persons (ARTIP) Project hosted a technical consultation in Bangkok with a group of 30 experts...
Why Victims of Trafficking Decline Assistance | May 2008
Feedback From European Trafficking Victims
This report analyzes the situations of trafficking victims and their opinions about the protection services they were or were not offered, for the purpose of identifying potential improvements in victim protection.
The State of Counter-Trafficking: A Tool for Donors | February 2008
On 12 November 2007, UNIAP and MTV came together with partners from UNESCO, IOM, ARTIP, and ILO to co-sponsor a one-day state-of-the-art briefing with the purpose of providing an audience of donors, implementing agencies, practitioners, and academics with a comprehensive update on counter-trafficking.
What do Lawyers Require to Prosecute Trafficking and Slavery in Thailand? | January 2008
Guidelines From Lawyers to Front-Line Agencies
A report to provide front-line NGOs and authorities with a better understanding of criminal justice procedure and how these groups can work together to more successfully prosecute traffickers, exploiters, and enslavers.
Statistical Methods for Estimating Numbers of Trafficking Victims | January 2008
Summary of winning proposals from a new global competitive initiative to find methods for estimating numbers of trafficking victims in a given geographic area and/or sector.
Targetting Endemic Vulnerability Factors to Human Trafficking | December 2007
What makes a person or community vulnerable to human trafficking? Common assumptions are that poverty and a lack of education are primary factors, but evidence often proves otherwise.
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Exploitation of Cambodian Men at Sea | September 2007
In April 2007, a group of ten men and one boy from Kandal province (ranging from 15 to 33 years in age) were recruited for work on fishing boats in Thailand by a local informal broker in their district.
Counter-Trafficking Databases in Cambodia | August 2007
This report identifies the existing government databases containing information on human trafficking in Cambodia, and to present recommendations for the systematic provision of consistent, reliable, and targeted information on the situation of human trafficking relating to Cambodia.
From Facilitation to Trafficking | June 2007
Brokers and Agents in Samut Sakhon, Thailand
Methods of debt bondage and sub-contracting put the control of vulnerable migrant workers in the hands of brokers.
Introduction to SIREN | June 2007
The Strategic Information Response Network (SIREN) is a new UNIAP- supported initiative intended to deliver high quality, responsive, and up-to-date data and analysis...